About Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina is a heart shaped land that lies in the southeast Europe. In this place eastern and western civilizations met, sometimes clashed, but more often enriched throughout its long history. The country's territory measures 50.000 square kilometers and its population is around 3,5 million. The name of the country probably derives from „bosana“, an Indo-European word which means water, which osnia has no short of. The southern region of ancient Hum, ruled by Duke Stjepan was later named Herzegovina after the region was conquered by the Ottomans. What is most important is that Bosnia and Herzegovina is a stunningly beautiful country with beautiful landscapes, cultures, tradition and people and as the old saying goes „people make the place“ and BiH prides itself of its hospitality and treating guests as if thy were family members. 5 biggest cities are Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Tuzla, Mostar and Zenica. In the countryside a more rural life continues to exist.
Much of Bosnia and Herzegovina is mountainous. The long chain of Southern Alps – the Dinaric Alps, stretches from northwest Slovenia through Bosnia and Herzegovina and into Montenegro and finishes in the Prokletija Mountains on the Albanian border. Herzegovina is the highest and wildest part of this mountain range, which for centuries provided the people protection from Roman invaders and which slowed the Ottoman conquest of Bosnia. The central part has rocky mountains but also green, rolling hills covered with forests and lined with countless fresh water streams and rivers. Northern area share part of the long and agriculturally rich plains that extend from Hungary, through Slavonia in Croatia into the fertile fields of Sava and Drina river valleys that flow into the Black Sea basin. Parts of the northwest of the country are all karst topography with deep limestone caves and underground rivers. These limestone fields are connected to the low limestone valleys of the south and together they form the single largest karst field in the world. The country has only 25 km of coastline, around the town of Neum in southern part of the country. Neum has many hotels and is an important tourism destination.
The Mediterranean and Alpine influences meet and create a mosaic of climate types within a relatively small area. The south enjoys warm, sunny and dry weather, with very mild winters. In the more continental areas the weather is similar to that of central Europe – hot summers, cool springs and autumns, and cold winters with considerable snowfall. The Mediterranean and ontinental climates meet in the middle, creating one of the most diverse eco-systems in Europe. The mountains create a climate of their own. The Alpine climate rules the mouontain terrains of the high Dinarics above 1700 meters. The winters there are extremely cold, with temperatures well below zero for more than six months of the year.
Territory are of Sarajevo: 141,50 square kilometers.
Position: Sarajevo is located in the area of the Sarajevo field. It is surrounded by Olympic mountains and the average altitude is 500 m.
Population of Sarajevo: 450.000
Sarajevo's Bascarsija (Old Town)
The Old Town 'Bascarsija' may be hard to pronounce but it is certainly one of the most impressive and charming market centers in the country.
Bascarsija has been a trading and meeting place since the 15th century as caravans from Asia minor, Dubrovnik and the West met here to trade their wares.
Mostars's Stari Most (Old Bridge)
The old bridge is perhaps the finest example of Ottoman heritage in western Balkans.
Not only does this precious stone structure bridge the east and west banks of the emerald Neretva River, it also symbolizes the crossroads of Eastern and Western civilizations.
Neum - the sunny Adriatic
Although its only a tiny strip of the gorgeous Adriatic, Neum has become a major seaside resort. Ideally located between Split and Dubrovnik and just a short distance to Mostar and Medugorje, Neum is an inexpensive holiday spot for fun and the sun.
Sutjeska National Park
Locally famous for the great battle of WWII when the partisans defeated a massive German army, this park is also home to one of Europe's last remaining primeval forests in Perucica. Also home to Bosnia's highest peak (Maglic Mt. 2,386 m), it is a paradise for hikers, walkers and nature lovers.
The XIV Winter Olympics are long gone but the slopes still remain and so does olympic style skiing. Jahorina has made a great comeback as Southeastern Europe's best ski resort. Great skiing. Great accommodation. Great fun. All just a short ride from the capital Sarajevo.
This Olympic mountain is also making a steady comeback. It was the site of the men’s slalom and is by far the most challenging ski trails in the country. Off the beaten track are ideal spots for cross country and tour skiing, as well as year round hiking, biking and village tourism in the ancient highland villages.
Famous for its Nobel Laureate writer Ivo Andric this Ottoman town still best represents what was once called the European Istanbul. This ancient mosques and fortress that dot the skyline are as impressive as the original style Bosnian architecture that gives this town its charm. Not far from Travnik is the mountain Ski Resort of Vlasic - a paradise for snowboarders and a great nature break spot.
The Trebizat River creates a wonderful green belt amidst the dry landscape of Western Herzegovina. This stunning waterfall runs over 100 meters long and drops an impressive 25 meters. Kravica is an ideal place for a picnic or a swim and definitely provides one of the most picturesque sceneries in Herzegovina.
Počitelj is a town in the Čapljina municipality, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The historic site of Počitelj is located on the left bank of the river Neretva, on the main Mostar to Metković road and it is to the south of Mostar. During the Middle Ages, Počitelj was considered the administrative centre and centre of governance of Dubrava župa (county), while its westernmost point gave it major strategic importance.
Jajce was first built in the 14th century and served as the capital of the independent Bosnian kingdom during its time. The town has gates as fortifications, as well as a castle with walls which lead to the various gates around the town.
This river, by many the most beautiful river in the entire country, is cherished by each community that has formed along her 207 kilometers. The Una is to the Krajina what the Neretva is to Herzegovina – life, and the life-giving forces of the Una have been revered throughout this region's history.
Blagaj - Buna
It is the finest example of an underground karst river. It flows out of a 200m cliff wall and single-handedly creates the Buna River. Unsurprisingly, the Ottoman sultan was impressed, and ordered a tekija to be built right next to it.