Did you know about Bosnia?
The heart shaped land!
Bosnia and Herzegovina is nicknamed the „Heart Shaped Land“ due to the country's slight heart shape.
Butmir-the oldest neolithic settlement in Europe!
The oldest neolithic settlement in Europe is located in Butmir area near Sarajevo. Archeological discoveries suggest that prehistoric settlers made pottery as far back as 3000 BC.
Stećak – the Medieval tombstone!
The Stećci, are monumental medieval tombstones that lies scattered across Bosnia and Herzegovina. An estimated 60 000 are found within the borders of the country. Appearing in the 11th century as a part of the Bogumil, Bosnian church religion, the stećci reached their peak in the late 14th to 15th century, efore dying away during the Ottoman occupation.
Bosnian valley of pyramids!
It is a fact, there is a monumental complex of pyramids in Visoko, near Sarajevo. The only one in Europe for now. It consists of Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun (bigger than the Cheops Pyramid in Cairo), the Pyramid of the Moon, the Pyramid of Bosnian Dragon, Temple of Mother Earth and Pyramid of Love. Without a doubt, it is an object that will become the most important symbol of this European region since the beginning of civilizations.
UNESCO World Heritage List!
The Old Bridge in Mostar is inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List, explanation: „as an exceptional and universal symbol of coexistence of communities from diverse cultural, ethnic and religious backgrounds – has been reinforced and strengthened underlining the the unlimited efforts of human solidarity for peace and powerful cooperation in the face of overwhelming catastrophes“.
The Mehmed Paša Sokolović bridge in Višegrad is inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List, explanation: „the universal value of the bridge at Višegrad is unquestionable for all the historical reasons and in view of the architectural values it has. It represents a major stage in the history of civil engineering and bridge architecture, erected by one of the most celebrated builders of the Ottoman Empire. Located in a position of geostrategic importance, the bridge bears witness to important cultural exchanges between the Balkans, the Ottoman Empire and the Mediterranean world, between Christianity and Islam, through the long course of history“ (Source: UNESCO)
The highest peak in Bosnia and Herzegovina is Maglić mountain (2386 m), and it is located in the Sutjeska National Park.
Perućica is the largest preserved rainforest in Europe. It is protected by law and located within the National Park „Sutjeska“. It spans over 6 km in length and is 3 km wide, with overall area of 1291 hectares.
Skakavac waterfall is located 12 km north from Sarajevo. With it's hight of 98 m, it is the highest natural waterfall in Europe!
Bijambare caves is a beautiful cave structure near Sarajevo, with lost rivers, tunnels/shaper depressions, rocky massifs and lakes. On relatively small place you can find 5 caves spreading in 3 horizons, one of them being famous for a long time so called main Bijambare cave. Lenghts of the cave is 420 m, it has 4 halls with rich cave ornaments of all known creation forms.
The Kupres field!
Bosnia and Herzegovina has the largest karst field in the world in western area, measuring 24 x 10 km or 93 square kilometers. The average altitude is 1135 m above sea level. It is surrounded by mountains and that landscape leaves many tourist speachless!
The hidden treasure of Livno!
When small farmers in the last century (+/- 1970) where heading from the countryside to the cities to find jobs, many gave their horses back to nature, where they surprisingly well survived the harsh climate of hot summers and freezing winters. At the moment the group totals about 200 animals which live freely in the nature, coming together or splitting up in smaller groups depending on season and circumstances.
Best mountain-biking destination!
Bosnia and Herzegovina is the best mountain-biking destination in the world for 2012 selected by National Geographic.
Bosnian-Herzegovinian movie won an Oscar!
The movie „No Man's Land“ directed and written by Danis Tanović from Bosnia and Herzegovina won the Oscar for the best foreign movie in 2002 at the 74th Academy Awards.
Bosnia and Herzegovina has 2 Nobel Prize winners!
Ivo Andrić (1892-1975) was a Bosnian novels and a sort story writer. He received in 1961 the Nobel Prize in Literature for the book „The Bridge on the Drina“.
Vladimir Prelog (1906-1998), received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1975 for his work in the field of natural compounds and sterochemistry of organic molecules and reactions.
World Rafting Championship 2009!
Banja Luka hosted in May 2009 World Rafting Championships on rivers Vrbas in Banja Luka and Tara in Foča. The organizer of the World Championships was rafting club Kanjon. This championship was attended by people from 46 countries and had over 600 competitors. This was considered to be one of the region's biggest sports competitions since the Winter Olympic Games in Sarajevo.
University of Sarajevo!
The University of Sarajevo is one of the oldest and best known in the Balkans. European Jerusalem! Sarajevo is also known as the European Jerusalem, because of the fact that in a radius of 100 m, one can find a catholic Cathedral, ortodox Church, a muslim Mosque and a Jewish Sinagogue.
The Winter Olympic Games 1984!
Sarajevo hosted in February 1984 the Winter Olympic Games. The important fact is that Bosnia was the first time since Schamonie (1924), a small country which became the host of the Winter Olympic Games.
The first tramway in Europe!
It was a big news when Vienna newspapers published on their front pages, the first horse-drawn tramway in Europe was introduced in Sarajevo on 1st of January 1885. Sarajevo was also the first city in Europe and second city in the world to have a full-time operational electric tram network running through the city, the first being San Francisco.
Water supply and drainage system!
Sarajevo was the second city in Europe to have a modern water supply and drainage system.
World War I!
On Sunday, 28th of June 1914, Franz Ferdinand an his wife Sophia were killed in Sarajevo, the capital of the Austro-Hungarian province of Bosnia and Herzegovina, by Gavrilo Princip. The event known as the Assassination in Sarajevo, led to a chain of events that eventually triggered the beginning of the World War I.
When Eiffel was building Sarajevo!
As a young engineer, the famous Alexandre Gustave Eifel was also working in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Beside some great structures he made, he also made a project for one of the bridges over the Miljacka river in Sarajevo.
Haggadah is the Jewish book of rites (codex), a collection of Biblical stories, prayers and psalms related to Pesah, holiday which marks the liberation of Jews from Egyptian slavery. The Sarajevo Haggadah represents the oldest and most beautiful example of this type of book, one of the 4 which exist in the world. The National Museum in Sarajevo bought the book from family Cohen through Mr. Kosta Herman, advisor to the government and a passionate collector, researcher of historical monuments in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It originates from Barcelona around 1350 AD.
The Bosnian fast food cevapcici dates back 400 years! Nicknamed cevaps, the snack consists of small, oblong sausages of minced meat, surrounded by somun, a type of pita bread, and lots of chopped onions.